Journal of the Society for American Music

Research Article

John Philip Sousa and “The Menace of Mechanical Music”




A shorter version of this article was read at the 2009 meeting of the Society for American Music in Denver, Colorado. I would like to thank the session chair, Jonathan Elkus, and my fellow reader, Mona Kreitner, for their insightful suggestions. This article could not have been completed without the assistance of Master Gunnery Sergeant D. Michael Ressler, Historian of the United States Marine Band, and the many librarians who work for the “President's Own.” I am also indebted to Sarah Cole for sharing her unpublished research on the Gorman Church Choir Company. My deepest thanks go to the anonymous readers whose advice and encouragement made this study much stronger.