a1 (Superintendent, Blind Landing Experimental Unit)
A description is given of the basic principles and method of operation of a single-channel automatic blind landing system developed by the Blind Landing Experimental Unit. The system uses the internationally accepted radio aid ILS for approach guidance to the point where more accurate information is required and then two new guidance elements, magnetic leader cable and radio altimeter, are introduced for the final landing. One of the great advantages of the system is its flexibility and if new guidance elements are developed the system will be easily adapted.
Extensive flight tests have been made in all weathers and the performance achieved is much better than that obtained in manual landings in good visibility.
In considering the application of the system to civil aviation the outstanding problem Is that of safety and reliability. Various suggestions are discussed briefly and the possible requirement for an independent pictorial monitor is mentioned. Early thoughts on a monitoring system are described.