Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy (2009), 37:595-598 Cambridge University Press
Copyright © British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies 2009

Brief Clinical Reports

A Pilot Study Measuring the Impact of Yoga on the Trait of Mindfulness

Danielle V. Shelova1 c1, Sonia Suchdaya1 and Jennifer P. Friedberga2

a1 Yeshiva University, New York, USA
a2 VA New York Harbor Healthcare System and NYU School of Medicine, USA
Article author query
shelov dv [PubMed]  [Google Scholar]
suchday s [PubMed]  [Google Scholar]
friedberg jp [PubMed]  [Google Scholar]


Background: The current study examined whether yoga would increase levels of mindfulness in a healthy population. Method: Forty-six participants were randomly assigned to an 8-week yoga intervention group or a wait-list control group. Mindfulness was assessed pre and post yoga, using the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Results: Results indicate that the yoga group experienced a significant increase in Overall mindfulness, and in three mindfulness subscales; Attention to the present moment, Accepting and open attitudes toward experience, and Insightful understanding (p < .01). The control group experienced a significant increase in overall mindfulness (p < .02) and insightful understanding (p < .01). Findings suggest that a yoga intervention may be a viable method for increasing levels of trait mindfulness in a healthy population, potentially implicating yoga as a preventive method for the later development of negative emotional mood states (i.e. anxiety and depression). The control group also experienced moderate elevations of mindfulness at the second assessment.

Keywords:Yoga; mindfulness; meditation; behavioral intervention; prevention


c1 Reprint requests to Danielle Shelov, Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx NY, 10461, USA. E-mail: