a1 Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 313 Conner Hall, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Due to public demands for enhanced water quality, American poultry producers are being subjected to increased regulation by both the federal and state governments. Under the authority of the US Clean Water Act, concentrated animal feeding operations, including some poultry producers, must secure a discharge permit and adopt comprehensive nutrient management plans. State regulations concerning the closure of operations are also affecting producers. Depending on the state regulation, private insurance, guarantees, surety bonds, letters of credit, or payments may be required. A few states and a proposed federal regulation seek to expand the operations covered by discharge permits. Under this concept, co-permitting regulations would hold integrators responsible for permit violations. With these proposals, the poultry industry is presented with a number of opportunities to help structure regulations that help achieve improved water quality while preserving the economic viability of producers' business enterprises.