The Journal of Politics


The Who and How of Organizations' Lobbying Strategies in Committee

Marie Hojnackia1 and David C. Kimballa2

a1 Penn State University

a2 Southern Illinois University at Carbondale


We examine the forces affecting organized interests' decisions to use particular lobbying tactics to target different legislators in committee, using the group-legislator dyad as our unit of analysis. Two basic assumptions underlie our conceptual model of lobbying strategies in committee. First, organizations have legislative goals of expanding the size of their supportive coalitions and shaping the content of legislative proposals, and an ongoing interest in maintaining themselves. Second, different lobbying tactics are better suited to the achievement of each of these goals. Given these assumptions, the tactics organizations use to lobby individual legislators are expected to depend on (1) groups' perceptions of how legislators may help them to achieve their goals; (2) their policy positions and other characteristics of the issue debate; and (3) groups' resources. Our multinomial logit analysis lends suport to our expectations about the forces that shape the lobbying strategies organizations employ.

(Accepted November 10 1997)

(Received November 23 1998)

Marie Hojnacki is assistant professor of political science, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Scholar in Health Policy Research, University of Michigan.

David C. Kimball is assistant professor of political science, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL, 62901-4501.