Immunohistochemical detection of calmodulin and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II in the mouse testis
We reported previously that in mouse testis calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase (calcineurin) is localised in the nuclei of round and elongating spermatids (Cell Tissue Res. 1995; 281: 273-81). In this study, we studied the immunohistochemical localisation of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase II) using antibodies against CaM kinase IIγ from chicken gizzard and specific antibodies raised against the amino acid sequence Ileu480–Ala493 of this enzyme, and compared it with the distribution of calmodulin. Indirect immunofluorescence was most concentrated in early spermatocytes and localised in the outermost layer of seminiferous tubules where the calmodulin level was relatively low. Measurements of immuno-gold particle densities on electron micrographs revealed that CaM kinase II is transiently increased in the nucleus of zygotene spermatocytes. These observations suggest the involvement of CaM kinase II in the meiotic chromosomal pairing process. An extremely high concentration of calmodulin in spermatogenic cells undergoing meiosis may not be directly related to activation of calmodulin-dependent kinases and phosphatases.(Received January 24 2000)
(Accepted April 1 2000)
Key Words: Calcineurin; Immuno-electron microscopy; Immunofluorescence; Spermatogenesis; Zygotene spermatocyte.
c1 Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan. Tel: +81 11 706 4459. Fax: +81 11 706 4459. e-mail: email@example.com