In its Final Declaration of 1 September 1993, the International Conference for the Protection of War Victims inter alia urged all States to make every effort to:
“Consider or reconsider, in order to enhance the universal character of international humanitarian law, becoming party or confirming their succession, where appropriate, to the relevant treaties concluded since the adoption of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, in particular:
—the Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts of 8 June 1977 (Protocol I);
—the Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts of 8 June 1977 (Protocol II);
—the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons and its three Protocols;
—The 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict”.
Hans-Peter Gasser has a doctorate in law from Zurich University and a Master of Laws degree from Harvard Law School (1968). Since 1986, Mr. Gasser has been Legal Adviser at the ICRC. He is the author of numerous articles, several of which have already appeared in the Review and also delivers lectures on various issues relating to international humanitarian law.