International Journal of Astrobiology

Context for the ESA ExoMars rover: the Panoramic Camera (PanCam) instrument

Andrew D. Griffiths a1, Andrew J. Coates a1, Ralf Jaumann a2, Harald Michaelis a2, Gerhard Paar a3, David Barnes a4, Jean-Luc Josset a5 and the PanCam Team 1
a1 UCL, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK e-mail:
a2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e. V. (DLR), Institut für Planetenforschung, Rutherfordstrasse 2, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
a3 Institute for Space Exploration, Jaquet-Droz 1, Case Postale CH-2007, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
a4 Department of Computer Science, University of Wales, Penglais, Aberystwyth Ceredigion SY23 3DB, UK
a5 Institute of Digital Image Processing, Joanneum Research, Wastiangasse 6, A-8010 Graz, Austria

Article author query
griffiths ad   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
coates aj   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
jaumann r   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
michaelis h   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
paar g   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
barnes d   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
josset jl   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


The recently approved ExoMars rover is the first element of the ESA Aurora programme and is scheduled to deliver the Pasteur exobiology payload to Mars by 2015. The 0.7 kg Panoramic Camera will provide multi-spectral stereo images with 65 ° field-of-view (1.1 mrad/pixel) and high-resolution (85 μrad/pixel) monoscopic ‘zoom’ images with 5 ° field-of-view. The stereo wide-angle cameras (WAC) are based on the Beagle 2 Stereo Camera System heritage (Griffiths et al. (2005). Planet. Space Sci. 53, 1466–1488). The Panoramic Camera instrument is designed to fulfil the digital terrain mapping requirements of the mission as well as to provide multi-spectral geological imaging, colour and stereo panoramic images, water vapour abundance and dust optical depth measurements. It can also be used for high-resolution imaging of inaccessible locations on crater walls and to observe retrieved subsurface samples before ingestion into the rest of the Pasteur payload.

(Published Online October 23 2006)
(Received July 4 2006)
(Accepted August 25 2006)

Key Words: DEM; ExoMars Rover; imaging: multi-spectral; imaging: stereoscopic; Mars; Pasteur payload.


1 Andrew John Coates (Team Coordinator), Ralf Jaumann (Deputy Team Coordinator: HRC), Jean-Luc Josset (Deputy Team Coordinator: WAC), Andrew Donald Griffiths, Jürgen Oberst, Jörg Albertz, Dave Barnes, Jean Pierre Bibring, Ian Crawford, Alex Ellery, Bernard Foing, Vittorio Formisano, Stephan van Gasselt, Rob Gowen, Ernst Hauber, Harald Hoffmann, Beda Anton Hofmann, Yves Langevin, Ron Li, Wojciech Markiewicz, Philippe Masson, Harald Michaelis, Stefano Mottola, Jan-Peter Muller, Gerhard Paar, Derek Pullan, Peter Reuffer, Tilman Spohn, Nick Thomas, Roland Trautner.