Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society


Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: A randomized trial to evaluate a new protocol

DONALD T.  STUSS  a1 a2 a3 a4 c1 , IAN H.  ROBERTSON  a1 a5 , FERGUS I.M.  CRAIK  a1 a2 , BRIAN  LEVINE  a1 a2 a3 , MICHAEL P.  ALEXANDER  a1 a6 , SANDRA  BLACK  a1 a3 a7 , DEIRDRE  DAWSON  a4 a8 a9 , MALCOLM A.  BINNS  a1 , HEATHER  PALMER  a1 , MAUREEN  DOWNEY-LAMB  a1 and GORDON  WINOCUR  a1 a2 a10 a11
a1 Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a2 Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a3 Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a4 Department of Medicine (Rehabilitation Sciences), University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a5 Department of Psychology and Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
a6 Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts
a7 Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a8 Kunin-Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a9 Department of Medicine (Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy), University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a10 Department of Medicine (Psychiatry), University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
a11 Department of Psychology, Trent University, Peterborough, Canada

Article author query
stuss dt   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
robertson ih   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
craik fim   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
levine b   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
alexander mp   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
black s   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
dawson d   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
binns ma   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
palmer h   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
downey-lamb m   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
winocur g   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


This study provides an introduction to, and overview of, several papers that resulted from a randomized control trial that evaluated a new cognitive rehabilitation protocol. The program was designed to improve general strategic abilities in ways that would be expressed in a broad range of functional domains. The trial, which was conducted on a sample of older adults who had experienced normal age-related cognitive decline, assessed performance in the following domains: memory, goal management, and psychosocial status. The general rationale for the trial, the overall experimental design, and the approach to statistical analyses that are relevant to each paper are described here. The results for each functional domain are reported in separate papers in this series (JINS, 2007, 13, 120–131.)

(Received November 11 2005)
(Revised August 18 2006)
(Accepted August 18 2006)

Key Words: Aging; Memory; Treatment outcome; Cognition; Frontal lobe; Neuropsychology.

c1 Correspondence and reprint requests to: Donald T. Stuss, Ph.D., Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON M6A 2E1 Canada. E-mail: