Journal of the International Phonetic Association

Phonetic structures of Turkish Kabardian

Matthew Gordon a1 and Ayla Applebaum a1
a1 Department of Linguistics, University of California, Santa Barbara,

Article author query
gordon m   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
applebaum a   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


This paper reports results of a quantitative phonetic study of Kabardian, a Northwest Caucasian language that is of typological interest from a phonetic standpoint. A number of cross-linguistically rare properties are examined. These features include the phonetic realization of Kabardian's small vowel inventory, which contains only three contrastive vowel qualities (two short vowels and one long vowel), spectral characteristics of the ten supralaryngeal voiceless fricatives of Kabardian, as well as the acoustic, palatographic, and aerodynamic characteristics of ejective fricatives, an extremely rare type of segment cross-linguistically. In addition, basic properties of the consonant stop series are explored, including closure duration and voice onset time, in order to test postulated universals linking these properties to place of articulation and laryngeal setting.

(Published Online December 13 2006)