Epidemiology and Infection

Research Article

HTLV-1, HIV-1, hepatitis B and hepatitis delta in the Pacific and South-East Asia: a serological survey

R. J. Brindlea1, R. P. Eglina1, A. J. Parsonsa1, A. V. S. Hilla2 and J. B. Selkona1

a1 Public Health Laboratory, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU

a2 Molecular Haematology Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU

Abstract

Blood samples from 13 locations in the Pacific and South-East Asia were tested for evidence of infection with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis delta virus (HDV). No samples were positive for antibody to HIV-1. Antibodies to HTLV-1 were found in samples from five locations, the maximum prevalence being 19%, in Vanuatu. Serological markers of HBV infection were found in all locations, the maximal prevalence being 88%, in Majuro, Micronesia. Antibodies to HDV in HBsAg positive sera were found in six locations with a maximum prevalence of 81% in Kiribati.

(Accepted August 25 1987)

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