Reviews in Clinical Gerontology

Review Article

Mood disorders in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Abebaw M. Yohannes a1c1, Robert C.  Baldwin a1 and Martin J.  Connolly a2
a1 Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK
a2 University of Manchester, Manchester, UK


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a major cause of morbidity, disability and mortality in old age. The disease is characterized by shortness of breath, impaired ventilatory function and easy fatiguability. These are the most distressing and disabling symptoms of COPD, limiting exercise tolerance, interfering with basic activities of daily living and often, in turn, impairing quality of life.

c1 Address for correspondence: A Yohannes, Manchester School of Physiotherapy, Manchester Royal Infirmary, M13 9WL, UK