Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

Brain feedback and adaptive resonance in speech perception

Stephen Grossberg a1
a1 Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Center for Adaptive Systems, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215


The brain contains ubiquitous reciprocal bottom-up and top-down intercortical and thalamocortical pathways. These resonating feedback pathways may be essential for stable learning of speech and language codes and for context-sensitive selection and completion of noisy speech sounds and word groupings. Context-sensitive speech data, notably interword backward effects in time, have been quantitatively modeled using these concepts but not with purely feedforward models.