Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

Brief Clinical Reports

Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Seven Cases Treated with Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

Keith W. Browna1, Therese McGoldricka1 and Robin Buchanana1

a1 Bellsdyke Hospital, Falkirk, Scotland

Abstract

Body dysmorphic disorder is an illness of generally chronic course which can lead to significant impairment of social functioning, unnecessary plastic surgery and even suicide. It is little understood and treatment regimens have been of uncertain efficacy. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a newly developed psychotherapeutic procedure used in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, grief reactions and generalized anxiety. In this paper we describe its use in seven consecutive cases of body dysmorphic disorder. Improvements were obtained in six of the seven patients, five of whom had a complete resolution of their symptoms.

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