Environmental Conservation

Comment

Is HIV/AIDS jeopardizing biodiversity?

DYLAN KENNETH MCGARRYa1 c1 and CHARLIE MICHAEL SHACKLETONa1

a1 Department of Environmental Science, Rhodes University, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa

SUMMARY

The scourge of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is most prevalent in southern Africa. South Africa has the highest number of people in the world living with HIV/AIDS and a prevalence rate of over 30 % for females presenting at antenatal clinics. There are now almost five million orphans within southern Africa, as a result of AIDS deaths of one or more or their parents. AIDS-related mortality and morbidity of care-givers may lead to increased reliance on wild sources of animal protein by surviving children. This increase in hunting pressure has unknown, but potentially important impacts on local animal populations.

Correspondence

c1 Correspondence: Mr D. K. McGarry Tel: +27 78 032 6047 e-mail: armadylan@gmail.com