Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary

Adaptationism and medicalization: The Scylla and Charybdis of Darwinian psychiatry

Alfonso Troisi a1
a1 Department of Neuroscience, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome 00161, Italy.

Article author query
troisi a   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


The target article shows that the application of the evolutionary theory to psychopathology should not necessarily consist in finding hidden adaptive benefits for each psychiatric syndrome. However, in rejecting lax adaptationism, Darwinian psychiatrists should not forget that the search for adaptive behavioral polymorphisms can be a powerful antidote against the normative attitude of mainstream psychiatry and its growing tendency to medicalize human diversity.

(Published Online November 9 2006)