Mycological Research



Editorial

Mycological Research News 1


Reinhard Agerer a1, Joe Ammirati a2, Paul Blanz a3, Régis Courtecuisse a4, Dennis E. Desjardin a5, Walter Gams a6, Nils Hallenberg a7, Roy Halling a8, David L. Hawksworth a9, Egon Horak a10, Richard P. Korf a11, Greg M. Mueller a12, Franz Oberwinkler a13, Gerhard Rambold a14, Richard C. Summerbell a6, Dagmar Triebel a15 and Roy Watling a16
a1 Institut für Systematische Botanik, Section Mykologie, Universität München, Menzinger Str. 67, D-80638 München, Germany
a2 Department of Botany, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
a3 Institut für Botanik, Universität Graz, Holteigasse 6, A-8010 Graz, Austria
a4 Département de Botanique, Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, BP 83, F-59006 Lille Cedex, France
a5 Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
a6 Centraalbureau v. Schimmelcultures, P.O. Box 273, NL-3740 AG Baarn, The Netherlands
a7 Department of Plant Taxonomy, University of Göteborg, Carl Skottsbergs Gata 22, S-41319 Göteborg, Sweden
a8 Institute of Systematic Botany, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458-5126, USA
a9 MycoNova, 114 Finchley Lane, Hendon, London NW4 1DG, UK
a10 Geobotanisches Institut ETH, Herbarium Z+ZT, Zollikerstr. 107, CH-8008 Zürich, Switzerland
a11 Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, 401 Plant Science Bldg., Ithaca, NY 14853–4203, USA
a12 Department of Botany, The Field Museum, 1400 S. Lake Shore Dr., Chicago IL, 60605–2496, USA
a13 Institut für Biologie I, Lehrstuhl Spezielle Botanik und Mykologie, Auf der Morgenstelle 1, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
a14 Lehrstuhl für Pflanzensystematik, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstr. 30–NW I 101251, D-95447 Bayreuth, Germany
a15 Mykologie, Botanischer Staatssammlung München, Menzinger Strasse 67, D-80638 München, Germany
a16 Royal Botanic Garden, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, UK

Abstract

This month Mycological Research News features a report of an extraordinary richness of undescribed truffle-like fungi in Australia, and an explanation of why mycologists should always deposit voucher specimens and cultures to enable their work to be validated, co-authored by 18 mycologists.

Amongst the 21 papers included in this issue are three on the biocontrol of insect pests by Erynia and Metarhizium species, including methods of application and longevity of conidial preparations. Biomass estimations by ergosterol in decomposing leaves in the Everglades, and by chitin in Crinipellis infections on cacao are described. Variation in Phytophthora infestans provides evidence of heterokaryons, conidial production in Colletotrichum acutatum is favoured by monsoon conditions, and the conidia of Pestalotiopsis neglecta inhibit other fungi. Six papers on mycorrhizas address competition with saprobic fungi and other ectomycorrhizal species, the characterization of a chitin synthase, variation at the molecular level in two endomycorrhizal fungi, a culture technique, and the early response of tobacco roots to colonization. Amongst other papers are ones characterizing a protease in Schizophyllum, describing incompatability groups in Pleurotus tuberregium, and showing different Venturia species attack different pears.

The following new scientific names are introduced: Pseudohelicomyces gen. nov.; Anthostomella acuminata, A. applanata, A. caffrariae, A. colligata, A. meerensis, A. palmae, A. raphiae, A. spiralis, Pseudohelicomyces albus, Ramulispora cerealis, and Trichoderma stromaticum spp. nov.



Footnotes

1 Mycological Research News is compiled by David L. Hawksworth, Executive Editor Mycological Research, MycoNova, 114 Finchley Lane, Hendon, London NW4 1DG, UK (tel./fax: [+44] (0) 20 8203 4282; e-mail: myconova@btinternet.com), to whom suggestions for inclusion and short items for consideration should be submitted. Unsigned items are by the Executive Editor.