Psychological Medicine

Research Article

The Eating Attitudes Test: psychometric features and clinical correlates

David M. Garnera1 c1, Marion P. Olmsteda1, Yvonne Bohra1 and Paul E. Garfinkela1

a1 Clarke Institute of Psychiatry and the University of Toronto, Canada

Abstract

Psychometric and clinical correlates of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) are described for a large sample of female anorexia nervosa (N = 160) and female comparison (N = 140) subjects. An abbreviated 26-item version of the EAT (EAT-26) is proposed, based on a factor analysis of the original scale (EAT-40). The EAT-26 is highly correlated with the EAT-40 (r = 0·98) and three factors form subscales which are meaningfully related to bulimia, weight, body-image variables and psychological symptoms. Whereas there are no differces between bulimic and restricter anorexia nervosa patients on the total EAT-26 and EAT-40 scores, these groups do indicate significant differences on EAT-26 fractors. Norms for the anorexia nervosa and female comparison subjects are presented for the EAT-26, EAT-40 and the EAT-26 factors. It is concluded that the EAT-26 is a reliable, valid and economical instrument which may be useful as an objective measure of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa.

Correspondence:

c1 Address for correspondence: Dr David M. Garner. Clarke Institute of Psychiatry. 250 College Street. Toronto. Ontario M5T I R8. Canada.

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