a1 The National Agricultural Advisory Service, Newcastle on Tyne
a2 Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden
Ten farms in the county of Durham took part in a field study of the effects of feeding and of udder disease on the level of non-fatty solids (s.n.f.) in milk. Statistical analysis of the resulting data showed that age, pregnancy, season of the year, and total cell count affected the percentage of s.n.f. and that these effects were additive and independent of each other. No effect associated with nutritional changes could be demonstrated.
The principal effects of the factors, each one freed from effects of other factors, were as follows:
Herds in which s.n.f. had been consistently low over a period of years were compared with herds in which s.n.f. had been satisfactory. Analysis of the data showed that about 70% of the difference in s.n.f. between these groups could be accounted for by differences in age of cow, stage of lactation, cell count and breed.
There was some evidence of a residual effect following clinical mastitis that could not be accounted for by residual high cell counts.
The within-cow regression of s.n.f. on log cell count calculated from the Durham data and from van Rensburg's data was on both occasions negative.
The implications of these findings are discussed, particularly in relation to advisory work.
(Received July 05 1959)
p1 Present address: Milk Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Guildford, Surrey.