a1 University of New Mexico School of Medicine
An eighteen month follow-up of chronic nightmare sufferers treated with imagery rehearsal, a cognitive-behavioral method, demonstrated significant and clinically meaningful decreases in nightmare frequency. Sixty-eight percent of subjects decreased their nightmares below criteria for a “Chronic Nightmare Disorder”. Significant improvement was also noted for sleep quality and daytime anxiety. The findings support the theory that nightmares may be clinically conceptualized as a primary sleep disorder in some chronic sufferers.
Reprint requests to Dr Barry Krakow, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, UNM Sleep Research, Department of Emergency Medicine, ACC, 4-W, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131–5246, USA.