a1 University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff
a2 University of New Mexico
Motivational interviewing is a directive, client-centred counselling style for eliciting behaviour change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. It is most centrally defined not by technique but by its spirit as a facilitative style for interpersonal relationship. This article seeks to define motivational interviewing and to characterize its essential nature, differentiating it from other approaches with which it may be confused. A brief update is also provided regarding (1) evidence for its efficacy and (2) new problem areas and populations to which it is being applied.
Reprint requests to William R Miller, Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131–1161, USA.