Overexpression of truncated Nmd3p inhibits protein synthesis in yeast
The yeast NMD3 gene was identified in a two-hybrid screen using the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay factor, Upf1p, as bait. NMD3 was shown to encode an essential, highly conserved protein that associated principally with free 60S ribosomal subunits. Overexpression of a truncated form of Nmd3p, lacking 100 C-terminal amino acids and most of its Upf1p-interacting domain, had dominant-negative effects on both cell growth and protein synthesis and promoted the formation of polyribosome half-mers. These effects were eliminated by truncation of an additional 100 amino acids from Nmd3p. Overexpression of the nmd3[Delta]100 allele also led to increased synthesis and destabilization of some ribosomal protein mRNAs, and increased synthesis and altered processing of 35S pre-rRNA. Our data suggest that Nmd3p has a role in the formation, function, or maintenance of the 60S ribosomal subunit and may provide a link for Upf1p to 80S monosomes.(Received January 4 1999)
(Revised March 1 1999)
(Accepted May 19 1999)
Key Words: mRNA; nonsense-mediated mRNA decay; ribosome; rRNA processing.
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