Research Article

African elephants: population trends and their causes

I. Douglas-Hamiltona1

a1 PO Box 54667, Nairobi, Kenya.


In 1985 many African elephant populations, which had been monitored for a decade or more, were either in rapid decline or down to a fraction of their former size. The author examines regional trends and information on key populations with reference to the critical factors affecting the survival of the African elephant, most significantly poaching and the illegal trade in ivory