a1 Wildlife Health Sciences, The Wildlife Conservation Society, 185th and Southern Blvd., Bronx, New York 10460, USA.
a2 Wildlife Health Sciences, The Wildlife Conservation Society, 185th and Southern Blvd., Bronx, New York 10460, USA.
Wildlife conservation efforts are increasingly faced with declining, overcrowded or fragmented populations, environmental contamination, and the introduction of new species of either competitors or pathogens. These efforts are coming under increased public scrutiny in their attempt to balance human social and economic needs with those of wildlife. The integration of veterinary medicine as part of a multidisciplinary approach to conservation can assist in the successful planning, implementation and evaluation of conservation projects. Beyond the role of immobilizing animals, veterinarians can contribute to assessing and monitoring the health of wild populations, and can train others in modern approaches to working with and caring for wildlife.