Public Health Nutrition

Research Paper

Performance of a short dietary questionnaire to assess nutrient intake using regression-based weights

Marie-Noël Vercambrea1a2, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruaulta1, Maryvonne Niravonga1, Claudine Berra2, Françoise Clavel-Chapelona1 c1 and Stéphane Ragusaa1

a1 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale), ERI 20, EA 4045 and Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille, Desmoulins, F-94805 Villejuif Cedex, France

a2 INSERM, U888 and University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, France

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the performance of a short dietary questionnaire, using weights to estimate nutrient intake.

Design Using dietary data collected in 1993–1995 from a large cohort of French women, stepwise regression analysis was used to identify the food groups that best predicted nutrient intakes, resulting in a short list of twenty-three foods. This list was used to design a twenty-three-item dietary questionnaire. Nutrient intake was estimated from the answers to the twenty-three questions, applying weights to each response. Weights were calculated from the large database as regression coefficients of the nutrient intake against the twenty-three food groups. In 2005–2006, 103 women responded (at a 1-year interval) to both the short questionnaire and a previously validated dietary history questionnaire. Intakes of twenty nutrients and energy estimated from these two questionnaires were compared.

Setting French adult female population.

Subjects For developing the instrument, 73 034 women aged 41–72 years; for testing, 103 women aged 55–80 years in 2005.

Results Mean nutrient intakes generally differed by less than 10 % between the two methods. Correlation coefficients of nutrient intakes ranged from 0·23 for vitamin D to >0·65 for Mg, vitamin B3 and alcohol. For most nutrients, at least 70 % of subjects fell into the same or an adjacent quintile when classified by either of the two questionnaires.

Conclusions In light of both its strengths and limitations, this short questionnaire could be used in French adult women to obtain some general nutritional information, notably for adjustment purposes when response to an extensive questionnaire cannot be obtained.

(Received July 26 2007)

(Accepted March 06 2008)

Correspondence

c1 Corresponding author: Email clavel@igr.fr

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