The Journal of Agricultural Science

Short Notes

Nutritional characteristics of kura clover (Trifolium ambiguum Bieb.) compared with other forage legumes

D. W. Allinsona1, G. S. Speera1, R. W. Taylora1 p1 and K. Guillarda1

a1 Department of Plant Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06268, U.S.A.

Kura or Caucasian clover (Trifolium ambiguum Bieb.) is a perennial, rhizomatous legume indigenous to Caucasian Russia and adjacent regions (Kannenberg & Elliott,1962; Bryant, 1974). Those agronomic characteristics that lend it potential significance, namely an extensive root-rhizome system, winter-hardiness, resistance to numerous and serious clover pests, and the production of nectar-rich flowers, were enumerated by Parker & Allen (1952). These authors also pointed out that usage of kura clover was hampered by ineffective nodulation. However, in recent years commercial and effective inoculant preparations have become available. Consequently, it has been suggested that kura clover could have potential as a pasture legume and for soil conservation purposes (Bryant, 1974; Spencer et al.1975). Pertinent literature on kura clover is scanty. The present study evaluated the nutritional characteristics of kura clover relative to otherforage legumes.

(Received June 06 1984)


p1 Rice Research Station, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Centre, Crowley, LA 70526, U.S.A.