Applied Psycholinguistics



Articles

Effects of bilingualism, noise, and reverberation on speech perception by listeners with normal hearing


CATHERINE L. ROGERS a1c1, JENNIFER J. LISTER a1, DASHIELLE M. FEBO a1, JOAN M. BESING a2 and HARVEY B. ABRAMS a3
a1 University of South Florida
a2 Montclair State University
a3 Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Audiology and Speech Pathology Services

Abstract

This study compared monosyllabic word recognition in quiet, noise, and noise with reverberation for 15 monolingual American English speakers and 12 Spanish–English bilinguals who had learned English prior to 6 years of age and spoke English without a noticeable foreign accent. Significantly poorer word recognition scores were obtained for the bilingual listeners than for the monolingual listeners under conditions of noise and noise with reverberation, but not in quiet. Although bilinguals with little or no foreign accent in their second language are often assumed by their peers, or their clinicians in the case of hearing loss, to be identical in perceptual abilities to monolinguals, the present data suggest that they may have greater difficulty in recognizing words in noisy or reverberant listening environments.

(Received September 16 2004)
(Accepted January 6 2006)


Correspondence:
c1 Catherine L. Rogers, University of South Florida, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, PCD 1017, Tampa, FL 33620. E-mail: crogers@cas.usf.edu


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