The Greeks divided their world into a number of contrasting categories which cut across and dissected each other: Greek and barbarian, slave and free, friend and enemy, insider and outsider, us and them. This essentially bipartite view of the world (although the dualism changed according to circumstance) affected the way Greek society worked, and the way that the Greeks thought about themselves. In this pair of papers, Professor Rhodes and I will be concerned only with one of these oppositions, friends and enemies.
1 This pair of papers was read to the annual meeting of the Classical Association in St Andrews in April 1995. We thank each other for encouragement and comments on preliminary drafts; and we thank those who heard and discussed our papers at St Andrews.