a1 Department of Geological Sciences, University of Durham, DH1 3LE, U.K.
The dominant structure controlling the disposition of Dalradian stratigraphy in mid-Ulster has hitherto been regarded as a southeast-facing gently inclined F1 anticline, a gross geometry modelled on, and thought to be a possible correlative of, the Tay Nappe in Scotland. Remapping of the supposedly inverted southern limb of this major fold reveals that much of it is in fact the correct way up. However, a stratigraphie repetition coupled with a reversal in younging does occur in the Sperrin Mountains, much further south than previously realized. This hitherto unrecognized upward southeast-facing isoclinal Sperrin Nappe is, however, a D2 structure, traceable for at least 40 km along strike and responsible for a regional stratigraphie inversion over an area of 300 km2. Following D2, a major 10 km thick D3 ductile shear zone resulted in translation towards the east-southeast. In the south, this deformation carried the Dalradian over Ordovician volcanics of the Tyrone Igneous Complex along the Omagh Thrust. Penecontemporaneity of magmatism with deformation clearly demonstrates that D3 is Caledonian (Arenig-Llanvirn). This deformation correlates with similar southeast-directed Caledonian thrusting in southern Donegal and Connemara. The apparent absence of Dalradian deformation of this age in southwestern Scotland may imply that Caledonian collision of outboard terranes with the miogeoclinal margin was initiated in Ireland and/or subsequent strike-slip has removed the evidence for deformation of this age from southwestern Scotland. The D3 shear zone in the Sperrin Mountains affects a very large volume of psammitic rocks. Within this shear zone the strain is not markedly higher than surrounding areas; however, its existence is demonstrated by the reorientation of mineral lineations over a large area. Such broad zones of only moderate strain may, we believe, be typical of translatory tectonics in areas of the mid-crust where there is little lithological diversity.
(Received April 06 1992)
(Accepted July 23 1992)