Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

Research Article

The Food of Seriola Dumerili (Pisces: Carangidae) in the Catalan Sea (Western Mediterranean)

J. Matallanasa1, M. Casadevalla2, M. Carrassona1, J. Bolxa3 and V. Fernandeza2

a1 Departamento de Biologia Animal, Biologia Vegetal y Ecologia, Universidad Autbnoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra E-08193, Barcelona, Spain.

a2 Unitat de Biologia Animal, Departamento de Ciencies Ambientals, Universitat de Girona, 17100 Girona, Spain.

a3 DARP, S. Carles de la Rapita, Tarragona, Spain

Stomachs of 385 specimens of Seriola dumerili (Risso, 1810) have been analysed. Their coefficient of repletion is 50·8% in juveniles and 90·3% in adults. Juveniles feed almost exclusively on Teleostei with Engraulis encrasicholus and Sardina pilchardus as the main food; Cephalopoda (Loligo vulgaris and Sepiola sp.) and Crustacea (Squilla mantis) are also eaten. Adults feed on a great diversity of Teleostei headed by S. pilchardus and Merluccius merluccius.

According to Smith-Vaniz (1986)Seriola dumerili is both epibenthic and pelagic, occurring at 18–72 m in small to moderate schools. Juveniles are associated with flotsam in oceanic or offshore neritic waters. Adults often live near reefs or at deep off-shore holes or drop-offs. It is found from the Mediterranean and the Bay of Biscay to South Africa, from Nova Scotia to Brazil, and also in the Arabian Gulf, Australia, Japan and the Hawaiian Islands.