Children's coping strategies and coping efficacy: Relations to parent socialization, child adjustment, and familial alcoholism
The relations of children's coping strategies and coping efficacy to parent socialization and child adjustment were examined in a sample of school-age children that included families in which some of the grandparents and/or parents had an alcoholism diagnosis. Parents and older children reported on the children's coping strategies; parents reported on their parenting behavior; and teachers reported on children's externalizing and internalizing problems. Measures of parent socialization were associated with parents' and children's reports of active coping strategies and parents' reports of both support-seeking coping and coping efficacy. Some of these relations were moderated by familial alcohol status. Children higher in parent-reported active/support-seeking coping and coping efficacy were rated lower in teacher-reported externalizing and internalizing adjustment problems. The findings were consistent with the view that active/support-seeking coping and coping efficacy mediated the association of parent socialization to children's psychological adjustment and that this relation was sometimes moderated by parental alcohol status. a
c1 Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Cynthia L. Smith, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Human Development, 366 Wallace Hall (0416), Blacksburg, VA 24061; E-mail: [email protected]
p1 Cynthia L. Smith is now at the Department of Human Development, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
p2 Amanda Sheffield Morris is now at the Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans
p3 Jeffrey Liew and Oi-man Kwok are now at the Department of Educational Psychology, Texas A&M University
a This research was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse (DA05227; Laurie Chassin, Principle Investigator, Nancy Eisenberg, Co-Principal Investigator).