Teaching basic life support to nurses
Background and objective: Every member of healthcare personnel should be able to perform basic life support including defibrillation (CPR-D). The biggest cost of implementation is training and these costs need to be reduced. The purpose of this randomized study was to evaluate the applicability of distance learning as a method to teach CPR-D. Methods: Nurses (n = 56) working in a geriatric hospital were randomized into three groups. The first group was given the Internet-based CPR-D course and the second was given a traditional, small-group CPR-D course. A third group without specific training in CPR-D served as a control group. An objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) was performed 2 weeks after the courses with a manikin patient having a cardiac arrest. Results: The median score of all participants was 31/49 (range 21–38). The reliability of the checklist was adequate (Cronbach alpha 0.77). Nurses receiving traditional CPR-D performed better than those receiving the Internet-based course (median score 34 vs. 28, P < 0.05) and the control group (median score 34 vs. 26, P < 0.0001). Nurses receiving Internet-based course performed similarly as the control group (median score 28 vs. 26, ns). Conclusions: Distance learning cannot substitute for traditional small-group learning.(Accepted September 27 2005)
(First published online January 27 2006)
Key Words: ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT; TRAINING; NURSES.
c1 Correspondence to: Marja Mäkinen, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Nöykkiönlaaksontie 21, 02340 Espoo, Finland. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: +35 840 0775 4585; Fax: +35 89 8955 2715