Experimental investigation of rarefied gas flow in different channels
An experimental investigation of flows of a large number of inert and polyatomic gases in various channels, a non-ideal orifice, flat slits with different surface roughnesses and wall materials, capillary packets with molten walls and a capillary sieve, has been made.
The unsteady flow method and a highly sensitive capacitance micromanometer were used (the sensitivity being [similar] 3 × 10−4N/m2Hz). Measurements were made in a range of Knudsen numbers 5 × 104–10−3 at [similar] 293 °K, and some measurements for flow through a non-ideal orifice were carried out at 77.2°K.
It was found that, both in the viscous slip-flow and free-molecule regimes for the channels with molten walls, the experimental conductivities were higher (by [similar] 15%) than theoretical ones calculated assuming diffuse molecular scattering by the walls. We have also observed that the channel conductivity essentially depends on the channel surface roughness and on the kind of gas. The larger the roughness height, the lower the conductivity. From the experimental data the tangential momentum accommodation coefficients were calculated.(Published Online March 29 2006)
(Received July 6 1973)
(Revised November 19 1973)