A stochastic model for the motion of particle pairs in isotropic high-Reynolds-number turbulence, and its application to the problem of concentration variance
A new stochastic model for the motion of particle pairs in isotropic high-Reynolds-number turbulence is proposed. The model is three-dimensional and its formulation takes account of recent improvements in the understanding of one-particle models. In particular the model is designed so that if the particle pairs are initially well mixed in the fluid, they will remain so. In contrast to previous models, the new model leads to a prediction for the particle separation probability density function which is in qualitative agreement with inertial subrange theory. The values of concentration variance from the model show encouraging agreement with experimental data. The model results suggest that, at large times, the intensity of concentration fluctuations (i.e. standard deviation of concentration divided by mean concentration) tends to zero in stationary conditions and to a constant in decaying turbulence.(Published Online April 26 2006)
(Received August 6 1987)
(Revised June 16 1989)
1 Also Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Brunei University.