Sunil Narayan Dutt MS, PhD, DNB, FRCS(ORL-HNS) a1andMohan Kameswaran MS, MNAMS, FACS, FRCS a2 a1 the Department of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Canadian Specialist Hospital, UAEDubai a2 the Madras ENT Research Foundation (MERF), Chennai, India.
Atrophic rhinitis is a chronic, debilitating and recalcitrant disease of the nasal cavities that is prevalent in several parts of the world. It has unique epidemiological features and clinical characteristics. Clinicians and researchers for decades have tried to postulate theories for the aetiology of the primary form of the disease. Management of the disease has seen several medical therapeutic regimens including alternative forms of medicine. Surgical options for the condition are also not completely satisfactory with a number of failures and recurrences. The authors provide here a comprehensive review of the existing literature as regards the aetiology and management of this refractory condition.