Journal of Fluid Mechanics

An asymptotic theory of incompressible turbulent boundarylayer flow over a small hump

R. I.  Sykes a1
a1 Meteorological Office, Bracknell, Berkshire

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A rational asymptotic theory describing the perturbed flow in a turbulent boundary layer encountering a small two-dimensional hump is presented. The theory is valid in the limit of very high Reynolds number in the case of an aerodynamically smooth surface, or in the limit of small drag coefficient in the case of a rough surface. The method of matched asymptotic expansions is used to obtain a multiple-structured flow, along the general lines of earlier laminar studies. The leading-order velocity perturbations are shown to be precisely the inviscid, irrotational, potential flow solutions over most of the domain. The Reynolds stresses are found to vary across a thin layer adjacent to the surface, and display a singular behaviour near the surface which needs to be resolved by an even thinner wall layer. The Reynolds stress perturbations are calculated by means of a second-order closure model, which is shown to be the minimum level of sophistication capable of describing these variations. The perturbation force on the hump is also calculated, and its order of magnitude is shown to depend on the level of turbulence closure; a cruder turbulence model gives rise to spuriously large forces.

(Published Online April 19 2006)
(Received September 15 1979)
(Revised February 28 1980)

p1 Present address: Aeronautical Research Associates of Princeton, 50 Washington Road, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, U.S.A.