Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Measurements of entrainment by axisymmetrical turbulent jets

F. P.  Ricou a1 1 and D. B.  Spalding a1
a1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, S.W. 7

Article author query
ricou fp   [Google Scholar] 
spalding db   [Google Scholar] 


A new technique is described for measuring the axial mass flow rate in the turbulent jet formed when a gas in injected into a reservoir of stagnant air at uniform pressure. The jet is surrounded by a porous-walled cylindrical chamber, and air is injected through the wall until the pressure in the chamber is uniform and atmospheric, a condition which is taken to signify that the ‘entrainment appetite’ of the jet is satisfied.

Measurements made with the apparatus have allowed the deduction of an entrainment law relating mass flow rate, jet momentum, axial distance and air density, regardless of the injected gas, and including the effects of buoyancy. When the injected gas burns in the jet the entrainment rate is up to 30% lower than when it does not.

(Published Online March 28 2006)
(Received November 23 1960)


1 Now at the Laboratoires de Mécanique des Fluides, Université de Grenoble.