Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Low-Reynolds-number flow past cylindrical bodies of arbitrary cross-sectional shape

S. H.  Lee a1p1 and L. G.  Leal a1
a1 Chemical Engineering Department, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Article author query
lee sh   [Google Scholar] 
leal lg   [Google Scholar] 


A numerical implementation of the method of matched asymptotic expansions is proposed to analyse two-dimensional uniform streaming flow at low Reynolds number past a straight cylinder (or cylinders) of arbitrary cross-sectional shape. General solutions for both the Stokes and Oseen equations in two dimensions are expressed in terms of a boundary distribution of fundamental single- and double-layer singularities. These general solutions are then converted to integral equations for the unknown distributions of singularity strengths by application of boundary conditions at the cylinder surface, and matching conditions between the Stokes and Oseen solutions. By solving these integral equations, using collocation methods familiar from three-dimensional application of ‘boundary integral’ methods for solutions of Stokes equation, we generate a uniformly valid approximation to the solution for the whole domain.

We demonstrate the method by considering, as numerical examples, uniform flow past an elliptic cylinder, uniform flow past a cylinder of rectangular cross-section, and uniform flow past two parallel cylinders which may be either equal in radius, or of different sizes.

(Published Online April 21 2006)
(Received May 1 1985)
(Revised October 8 1985)

p1 Permanent address: Chevron Oil Field Research Co., PO Box 446, La Habra, CA 90631.