The interaction region of a turbulent plane jet
All three velocity fluctuations and the temperature fluctuation have been measured in a slightly heated turbulent plane jet. Attention is focused on the interaction region of the flow, which is situated between the location where the two mixing layers nominally merge and that which corresponds to approximate self-preservation.
For the jet considered here the mixing-layer structures are symmetrical with respect to the centreline, and when they meet in the interaction region the redistribution of turbulence quantities is dramatic. This redistribution is examined in detail. Also examined is the effect of the generation, in the interaction region, of new structures, asymmetric with respect to the centreline, which evolve into the self-preserving flow region downstream.
Turbulence parameters, such as the turbulent Prandtl number, probability density functions, skewness and flatness factors, are also presented, primarily to guide computer simulations of this flow. The superposition procedure of Weir, Wood & Bradshaw (1981), which assumes that the turbulence structure of each mixing layer is not significantly altered by the interaction, is not appropriate to the present flow.(Published Online April 20 2006)
(Received November 3 1983)
(Revised July 6 1984)