The effects of significant viscosity variation on convective heat transport in water-saturated porous media
Weakly nonlinear theory and finite-difference calculations are used to describe steadystate and oscillatory convective heat transport in water-saturated porous media. Two-dimensional rolls in a rectangular region are considered when the imposed temperature difference between the horizontal boundaries is as large as 200 K, corresponding to a viscosity ratio of about 6·5. The lowest-order weakly nonlinear results indicate that the variation of the Nusselt number with the ratio of the actual Rayleigh number to the corresponding critical value R/Rc, is independent of the temperature difference for the range considered. Results for the Nusselt number obtained from finite-difference solutions contain a weak dependence on temperature difference which increases with the magnitude of R/Rc. When R/Rc = 8 the constantviscosity convection pattern is steady, while those with temperature differences of 100 and 200 K are found to oscillate.(Published Online April 20 2006)
(Received November 10 1980)
(Revised September 1 1981)
p1 Present address: Mathematics Department, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401, U.S.A.