Journal of Fluid Mechanics

The force on a slender fish-like body

J. N.  Newman a1
a1 Department of Ocean Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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The force acting on a fish-like body with combined thickness and lifting effects is analysed on the assumption of inviscid flow. A general expression is developed for the pressure force on the body, which is analogous to the momentum-flux analysis for non-lifting bodies in classical hydrodynamics. For bodies with constant volume, the mean drag (or propulsive) force is expressed in terms of a contour integral around the vortex sheet behind the body. Attention is focused on the case of steady-state motion with constant angle of attack, and the induced drag is analysed for finned axisymmetric bodies using the slender-body approximation developed by Newman & Wu (1973). Unlike earlier results of Lighthill (1970), the lift–drag ratio in this case depends on the body thickness.

(Published Online March 29 2006)
(Received November 20 1972)