Cardiology in the Young

Original Article

Familial atrial septal defect in the oval fossa with progressive prolongation of the atrioventricular conduction caused by mutations in the NKX2.5 gene

Per G. Bjørnstada1 c1 and Trond P. Lerena2

a1 Dept of Paediatric Cardiology and, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway

a2 Dept of Medical Genetics, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway

Abstract

Objective To search for a genetic basis in a family with autosomal dominantly inherited atrial septal defect in combination with increasing conduction anomalies.

Design We searched for mutations in the NKX2.5 gene by sequencing of desoxyribonucleic acid in a previously investigated family.

Patients All family members were included if they, after informed consent, had decided to participate in the genetic testing. A blood sample was sent from local doctors for analysis of potential mutations. Patients with cardiac anomalies were examined in our hospital. For those family members without cardiac anomalies, we relied on local information.

Results We identified the mutation Q149X in the NKX2.5 gene on chromosome 5q35 in all patients with atrial septal defect and disturbances of atrioventricular conduction. No family member without an atrial septal defect possessed the mutation, including a member with transposed arterial trunks.

Conclusion We have identified a mutation in the NKX2.5 gene responsible for autosomal dominantly inherited atrial septal defect in the oval fossa combined with disturbances of atrioventricular conduction in 7 patients spanning 4 generations.

(Accepted October 05 2008)

Correspondence:

c1 Correspondence to: Per G. Bjørnstad, MD. Ph.D., Paediatric Cardiology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, N-0027 Oslo, Norway. Tel/Fax: +47 2 232 2547; E-mail: perbjo@broadpark.no

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