IAN S. F. JONES a1andHELEN E. YOUNG a2 a1 Ocean Technology Group, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 Australia a2 Earth Ocean and Space Pty Ltd. , Glebe, NSW 2037, Australia
Mankind is faced with three interconnected problems, those of rising population, the provision of adequate food and the increasing level of waste carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The ocean plays an important role at present by annually providing c. 90 Mt of high protein food and absorbing about 1000 Mt of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. By the year 2100 it is predicted by the United Nations (1992) that the world population will have more than doubled its 1990 level of 5.2 thousand million people and will approach 11.5 thousand million. Most of this population increase will occur in the developing countries.