Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Double-diffusive instability in an inclined fluid layer Part 2. Stability analysis

R. C.  Paliwal a1p1 and C. F.  Chen a1
a1 Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903

Article author query
paliwal rc   [Google Scholar] 
chen cf   [Google Scholar] 


Linear stability analysis is applied to the problem of a density-stratified fluid contained in an inclined slot being subjected to a lateral temperature gradient. Stability equations are solved using the Galerkin technique with 12 terms in the truncated expansion series. Within the range of θ considered, |θ| < 75°, critical instability was found to be of the stationary type. Results of critical thermal Rayleigh numbers and wavenumbers at all inclination angles are in good agreement with the experimental results obtained earlier (Paliwal & Chen 1980). Contrary to intuition, these results show that the system is more stable when the lower wall is heated. This is shown to be the result of the increased vertical solute gradient in the steady state prior to the onset of instabilities when the heating is from below.

(Published Online April 19 2006)
(Received May 21 1979)
(Revised October 18 1979)

p1 Present address: Electronic Associates, Inc., West Long Branch, N.J. 07764.