Double-diffusive instability in an inclined fluid layer. Part 1. Experimental investigation
The stability boundary of a density-stratified fluid contained in an inclined slot subjected to a lateral temperature gradient was determined experimentally. The initial stratification due to salt was stable and linear in the vertical direction. Experiments were conducted in a 1·0 × 11.1 × 25·7 cm slot with the inclination angle θ from the vertical varying from −75° to + 75°. A positive angle denotes heating from the lower wall while a negative angle denotes heating from the upper wall. The temperature difference across the slot was increased slowly until the onset of instability was observed by means of a shadowgraph. The critical thermal Rayleigh number was found to be non-symmetrical with respect to θ = 0°, with heating of the upper wall less stable than heating of the lower wall. This is because there is a larger vertical solute gradient in the steady-state regime prior to the onset of instabilities when the lower wall is heated. The secondary flow consisting of horizontal convecting layers was very stable θ < 0° cases because of the stabilizing temperature effect. The motion of the layers when θ > 0° was quite vigorous. At θ = +75°, the secondary flow became unstable in a rather dramatic manner not observed heretofore.(Published Online April 19 2006)
(Received May 21 1979)
(Revised October 18 1979)
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