Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Global stability of time-dependent flows: impulsively heated or cooled fluid layers

G. M.  Homsy a1
a1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305

Article author query
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The method of energy is used to discuss the stability of time-dependent diffusive temperature profiles in fluid layers subject to impulsive changes in surface temperature.

Bounds for the ratio of disturbance energy production to dissipation are found to be parametric functions of time because the basic temperature develops through diffusion. This time dependence leads to the demarcation of regions of stability in a Rayleigh number-time plane and the interpretation of these regions is given. Numerical results are presented for the cases of impulsive heating and cooling of initialty isothermal fluid layers. New global stability results which give the Rayleigh number below which the diffusive solution to the Boussinesq equations is unique are reported for these cases.

(Published Online March 29 2006)
(Received October 10 1972)
(Revised April 5 1973)