Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

Research Article

Direct observations of protandrous sex change in the patellid limpet Patella vulgata

W.J.F.  Le Quesne a1c1 and S.J.  Hawkins a2a3
a1 Southampton Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, European Way, Southampton, SO15 5FS, UK
a2 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK
a3 School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO16 7PX, UK

Article author query
quesne wj   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
hawkins sj   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


Direct observations of sex change were made on Patella vulgata, which has long been considered a protandrous hermaphrodite based on indirect methods. Thirty per cent of the male limpets that were marked during the spawning season in 2003 were female when they were re-examined during the spawning season in 2004. This confirms that protandry does occur within the superfamily Patellidae.

(Published Online January 12 2006)
(Received April 11 2005)
(Accepted November 29 2005)

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