Sink flow turbulent boundary layers
The study of sink flow turbulent boundary layers is of particular relevance to the problem of laminarization. The reason lies in the fact that the acceleration parameter which principally determines when a turbulent boundary layer will begin to revert towards laminar is, in these flows, constant from station to station. The paper presents theoretical solutions to this class of boundary layer by making use of the Prandtl mixing-length formula to relate the turbulent shear stress to the mean velocity gradient. Near the wall the Van Driest recommendation for mixing length is adopted and the Van Driest function, A+, is chosen such that the skin friction coefficient does not exceed a certain maximum value.
The predicted solutions, which are in good agreement with available experimental data, display a plausible shift from the turbulent towards the laminar solution as the acceleration parameter is increased.(Published Online March 29 2006)
(Received January 7 1969)