Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Vortex evolution in a round jet

H. A.  Becker a1 and T. A.  Massaro a2
a1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
a2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California

Article author query
becker ha   [Google Scholar] 
massaro ta   [Google Scholar] 


A study has been made of the varicose instability of an axisymmetrical jet with a velocity distribution radially uniform at the nozzle mouth except for a laminar boundary layer at the wall. The evolutionary phenomena of instability, such as the rolling up of the cylindrical vortex layer into ring vortices, the coalescence of ring vortex pairs, and the eventual disintegration into turbulent eddies, have been investigated as a function of the Reynolds number using smoke photography, stroboscopic observation, and the light-scatter technique.

Emphasis has been placed on the wavelength with maximum growth rate. The jet is highly sensitive to sound and the effects of several types of acoustic excitation, including pure tones, have been determined.

(Published Online March 28 2006)
(Received January 17 1967)
(Revised October 9 1967)