Translocation of problem Amur tigers Panthera tigris altaica to alleviate tiger-human conflicts
We translocated four Amur tigers Panthera tigris altaica captured after killing domestic animals or attacking people; two were released immediately and two following 162 and 388 days rehabilitation. All were radio-collared and released 150–350 km from their capture site. Two translocations were successful: the tigers caused no conflicts with people, killed wild prey, and survived their first winter, although one was poached after 1.1 year and one slipped its collar after surviving 10 months. In the two translocations that were unsuccessful, both tigers moved to areas of high human activity and were killed by people. At least in some cases, translocation appears to be a viable alternative to killing or removing problem tigers from the wild.(Received December 13 2004)
(Revised March 18 2005)
(Accepted April 27 2005)
Key Words: Amur tiger; carnivore-human conflicts; Panthera tigris altaica; Russian Far East; translocation.
c1 Correspondence: Hornocker Wildlife Institute, Wildlife Conservation Society, 2023 Stadium Drive, Suite 1a, Bozeman, Montana, USA. Email [email protected]